Difference Between an Office and a Department
What are the differences between sheriff's offices and other law enforcement agencies?
To understand the differences, one must look at the definitions of each term - department and office. The sheriff holds an office, while other top administrators are appointed to administer departments.
Department: One of the major divisions of a branch of government. Generally, a branch or division of government subordinate to that government's administration.
Office: A right and correspondent duty to exercise a public trust. A public charge or employment. It is an elected public office.
In Texas, the office of sheriff is a constitutional office having exclusive powers, authority and responsibility. The sheriff is not appointed by a government body, but is elected by the people and is responsible to the people and not subordinate to county administrators or other elected officials. The sheriff is the only law enforcement position that is selected directly by and accountable to the citizens.
Sheriffs and their deputies provide public safety service by mandate or tradition.
Today's sheriffs are responsible for protecting human life, the public peace and order, the protection of the rights of individuals and their property, the prevention of crime and the enforcement of laws without discrimination.
Over the years, the law enforcement profession has become very sophisticated, as citizens have come to rely on us for more and more intervention and protection. The types of crimes and the criminals have become more complex and the system has become overburdened attempting to meet the need in traditional ways.
Today, more than ever, sheriffs need the support of citizens to maintain the livability and safety of our communities.